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Salmon



Salmon are the focus of this site. They are the most awe-inspiring fish in the sea. When you hook and land a big salmon, it is one of the best feelings on Earth.

There are five species of Pacific salmon that inhabit our waters.

Chinook: The biggest of the five species is the Chinook, or King salmon, which in Canada are also called Springs, Tyees (when over 30lbs), and Smileys (when over 20lbs).
Normal migrating Chinook spend from three to seven years in the sea before returning to their native river to spawn. Chinook have been reported to grow as big as 100lbs, but the majority of returning fish are under 30lb.
Returning migratory Chinook are normally caught close to structure, that is, underwater ledges, shelves and pockets that hold baitfish. If you start fishing before light, you can fish near the surface, but as soon as the sun hits the water, you'll want to start presenting your lures deeper if you're targeting Chinook.
Some
hatchery-raised Chinook are purposely kept in net pens and delayed-released into the saltwater. These fish never migrate far out to sea, but stay resident to coastal waters. These are the fish we fish for in the winter, and these are called blackmouth. Blackmouth are normally from five to 15lbs, and a 20lb'er is a trophy. Blackmouth are normally found right on the bottom, (within 10-15 feet of the bottom), at around the 120 foot depth.

Coho: The Coho or Silver salmon look similar to Chinook, except they are normally smaller. An important distinction is that Coho have white gums at the base of their teeth, while a Chinook's gums are black. Coho usually live about three years, and grow exceptionally fast in the third year. They range in size from four to about 20lbs. The Washington state record coho set this year was around 25lbs.
Returning coho are not as structure-oriented as Chinook, and are normally found in more open water than Chinook. Coho are caught primarily in the top 50 feet of water, and close to the edges of tide rips. If you find bait on the edges of tide rips, and troll a lure near the surface, you will catch coho.

Sockeye: Sockeye salmon normally live about four or five years. Sockeye are also called Red salmon. They are usually between 4 to 7 pounds, but can grow bigger. Sockeye normally only come from river systems that have freshwater lakes as part of the system. The Lake Washington sockeye run is a good example of this. Many anglers will tell you that it's hard to hook sockeye in salt water and impossible to hook them in the fresh water, but we'll show you that this just isn't true... you can have great success catching sockeye, and they are, in some opinions, the best tasting salmon.

Pink: Pink salmon are also known as Humpies. Pinks only live two years, and are about 4-6 pounds, sometimes larger. Pinks In Puget Sound, the majority of the pink runs happen every other year on the odd-numbered years. When the humpies are in, they are easy to catch. They also taste good, but it's important to clean them immediately and care for them correctly.

Chum: Chum salmon are also known as Dog or Keta salmon. Chum salmon live three to five years, and are normally 10 to 15 pounds, sometimes larger. In most Puget Sound waters, the chums are the last fish to return to the rivers to spawn.

Click here to see pictures and to find out more about the five species of Pacific salmon.

For information on how to catch salmon in the rivers, please check out Steelhead University.

 

Salmon Articles

Chinook - Timing is Everything
Welcome to Pinkatropolis

Downrigger Tips
Buzz Bomb Basics
Six Tricks for Fall Coho
Keys to Jig Fishing for Salmon
Mooching Basics
How to rig cutplug herring

Sockeye Secrets

Trolling Basics
Flasher Fishing
Deep trolling for Chinook
Saltwater Chum Fishing
Pink Salmon Fishing
How to brine herring
How to fillet salmon
How to smoke salmon

Salmon U Fishes the Queen Charlottes

Recipes

Smoked Salmon Recipe #1

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Charlie's Pickled Salmon

Gary Larsons Smoked Salmon Brine